In the basement of the Eastern Deserts of Ancient Egypt and Nubian Sudan primary gold was usually mined in mineralised quartz veins and recovered from a previously ground ore meal through washing ...
T o cite this article: David Killick 2013 Gold and Gold Mining in Ancient Egypt and Nubia, Azania: Archaeological Research in Africa, 48:4, 539-541, DOI: 10.1080/0067270X.2013.852381
Egypt is a land rich in gold, and ancient miners employing traditional methods were thorough in their exploitation of economically feasible sources. In addition to the resources of the Eastern Desert, Egypt had access to the riches of Nubia, which is reflected in its ancient name, nbw the Egyptian word for gold .
Abstract. In the basement of the Eastern Deserts of Ancient Egypt and Nubian Sudan primary gold was usually mined in mineralised quartz veins and recovered from a previously ground ore meal through washing it out as a finely visible flitter Fig. 1.1 .
Early golden objects in ancient Egypt were typically hammered from gold nuggets, likely recovered from alluvial deposits. From the beginning of the Old Kingdom period onward, expeditions were sent out in search of gold and it was excavated from mines, including those in the mountains of Coptos and Nubia.
Gold-bearing veins of quartzite were also exploited in the eastern desert and in Nubia. Quartzite is a harder stone than the stone bearing copper ores malachite could be mined with flint tools, which it was during early periods , so greater effort had to be used to extract it.
Ancient people said that Egypt was a gift of the Nile. But besides the richness of life, the Nile River came with the richness that human kind has always been greedy for: gold.
Egypt is rich in building and decorative stone, copper and lead ores, gold, and semiprecious stones. These natural resources allowed the ancient Egyptians to build monuments, sculpt statues, make tools, and fashion jewelry. Embalmers used salts from the Wadi Natrun for mummifi ion, which also provided the gypsum needed to make plaster.